Products

Forage, Rangeland & Cover Crop Seed

At Landmark Turf & Native Seed, we offer stock specific forage seeds and mixes as well as formulations for low input naturalization. Seeds are professionally selected and intended to provide high yields and low management.

 

Our pasture formulations and mixes feature proven and reliable varieties intended to provide the nutrition your livestock needs while holding up to today’s intensive grazing methods year after year. 

 

View our Forage, Rangeland and Cover Crop seed varieties below or contact us for more information.

Variety Description
CRP Mixes
CRP Seed Mixes

Conservation Reserve Program, CRP,  Seed Mixes reduce soil erosion, protect the Nation's ability to produce food and fiber, reduce sedimentation in streams and lakes, improves water quality, establishes wildlife habitat, and enhances forest and wetland resources. CRP Seed encourages farmers to convert highly erodible cropland or other environmentally sensitive acreage to vegetative cover, such as tame or native grasses, wildlife plantings, trees, filterstrips, or riparian buffers.

For technical specifications and eligibility requirements, consult the USDA Farm Service Agency, & Natural Resource Conservation Service.

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EverLeaf 126 Forage Oats

EverLeaf ™126 is a true spring oat with dark green foliage, an erect growth habit, and very good standability.  EverLeaf™ 126 has leaves that actually extend above the canopy at heading.  EverLeaf ™126 is a delayed heading oat and much of its forage mass and quality come from an extended maturity.  Since the plant is naturally vegetative for a longer period, biomass accumulation is extraordinary.  EverLeaf™ 126 has a compact panicle that offers an attractive product when baled.

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FUSTA Tettraploid Perennial Ryegrass

FUSTA is a high production tetraploid perennial ryegrass (4N-PRG) developed for managed rotational grazing, green-chop, pasture mixtures, haylage and hay production.  

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MADONNA Westerwold Annual Ryegrass

MADONNA 4N Westerwold ryegrass.... A true annual, MADONNA produces high forage and seed yield, crown rust resistance, and excellent palatability with ‘soft leaf’ and high sugar and starch content.  

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NUTRAGRAZE Tetraploid Perennial Ryegrass

NUTRAGRAZE establishes fast, has upright vegetative growth and combines high forage production potential, with excellent palatability, and persistence.  

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Annual Ryegrass

Annual Ryegrass has an extensive, soilholding root system. Fast-establishing, cool-season grass for forage and erosion control uses. The cover crop establishes quickly even in poor, rocky or wet soils and tolerates some flooding once established. It’s well-suited for field strips, grass waterways or exposed areas. Fast-establishing, cool-season grass for forage and erosion control uses.  Annual Ryegrass’s dense yet shallow root system improves water infiltration and enhances soil tilth.  A high N user, Annual ryegrass can capture leftover N and reduce nitrate leaching over winter. Widely adapted annual. Quick establishment. Highly palatable. Short-term erosion control.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"     Mature Height: 13-25+"     Growth Habit: Annual

Barley

Barley is an annual or biennial grass that is widely cultivated for yielding grain for breakfast food, animal feed and in malt beverages. Black barley, awnless, hooded, 2 row, 6 row, different awn lengths and different spike lengths characterize the many barley types.

Seeds/Pounds (approximate): 12,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Beardless Bluebunch Wheatgrass

A perennial, cool-season, native, erect bunch grass, 12" to 30” tall, often with short rhizomes. It has a wide spectrum of adaptations. It is found on all aspects on mountain slopes, benches, basins, alluvial fans, and in valley bottoms. Adapted to a wide variety of soils, but is found mostly in well-drained, medium to coarse textured soils, which vary in depth from shallow to very deep.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 86,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 7-9

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Bermudagrass

Ask for availability of proprietary turf and common bermudagrasses.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 1,600,000 (unhulled) / 2,200,000 (hulled)

Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 90

 

 

Big Bluegrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 24" to 48” high. It is a tall, tufted grass that is remarkably drought resistant. Known for high production of palatable forage making it a very valuable range grass. Big Bluegrass is the largest of the native bluegrasses found in the Intermountain zone of the Northwest United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 899,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Big Bluestem

A perennial, warm-season, native-tufted, sod-forming grass. It is tall, reaching a height of 6 to 8 feet on most sites when left ungrazed. It has short, scaly rhizomes and seed heads that normally have 3 spikelets that appear like a ‘turkey foot'. Occurring from the short grass prairie region to the Atlantic Ocean.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 140,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Sod

Black Oat (Bristle Oat)

Black oat (Avena strigosa L.) is the No. 1 cover crop on millions of acres of conservation-tilled soybean in southern Brazil, and is increasing use the southern USA (Zones 8-10). Black oat produces large amounts of biomass, similar to rye. It maintains a narrower carbon to nitrogen (C:N) ratio than rye so it cycles nitrogen better than rye, important for nitrogen management in conservation tillage systems. It breaks disease cycles for wheat and soybean and is resistant to root-knot nematodes. It is very resistant to rusts and has excep tional allelopathic activity for weed control. It is easy to kill mechanically.

Canada Bluegrass

Low-growing and palatable. Adaptable to poor soil. Commonly used for roadside erosion.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,500,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-2

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Sod

Cereal Rye

The hardiest of cereals, rye can be seeded later in fall than other cover crops and still provide considerable dry matter, an extensive soil-holding root system, significant reduction of nitrate leaching and exceptional weed suppression.   Rye is the best cool-season cereal cover for absorbing unused soil N. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 29,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 80+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Annual

Columbia Needlegrass

A perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass that grows 6" to 24” tall, without rhizomes. Growth starts in mid-spring, matures by September, reproduces from seeds and tillers and may regrow in the fall if moisture is adequate. Provides good forage for livestock and wildlife, however, injury can occur from the sharp-pointed callus, working into the ears, eyes, nostrils and tongues of grazing animals. Also used for rangelands and reclamation, it is commonly found across the Western US from Canada to Mexico.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 175,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"     Mature Height: 6-24"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Common Kentucky Bluegrass

Perennial. Used extensively for turf and pasture. Very palatable. Withstands heavy traffic and grazing.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 2,100,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 90-135

Creeping Meadow Foxtail

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming, grass that grows 12" to 24” tall. It is extremely winter-hardy and recovers quickly from grazing due to its numerous aggressive underground rhizomes. Creeping Meadow Foxtail is palatable to all classes of livestock. Most commonly utilized throughout the Pacific Northwest, Intermountain West, Northern Great Plain States and Western Canada.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 756,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 3-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 25"     Mature Height: 13-25+"     Growth Habit: Sod

Creeping Red Fescue

Adapted to most soil types. Valued for shade tolerance. Important turf grass and erosion control grass.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 547,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"     Mature Height: 13-25+"     Growth Habit: Sod

Crested Wheatgrass (Fairway Type)

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch type reaching 12" to 36” tall. Drought-tolerant and winter-hardy grass with a deep-rooted system making an excellent soil binder. Crested Wheatgrass is commonly recommended for a palatable forage production. Crested Wheatgrass is well-adapted to stabilization of disturbed soils and does well on shallow to deep, moderately coarse to fine-textured, moderately well to well-drained soils. The grass is commonly seeded in the arid sections of the Western United States. The Fairway type was first recognized in 1950 as being different than other crested types. Fairway is shorter, denser, finer-stemmed and less productive than Desert Wheatgrass at lower elevations and may exceed Desert Wheatgrass production at higher elevations. Newer varieties such as Eparaim and Roadcrest exhibit strong rhizome activity.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 200,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Fawn Tall Fescue

Forage and erosion control use. Cool-season bunch type. Fast establishing.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 224,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

 

Festolium

A short-lived, perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass. Derived from a cross between Italian Ryegrass and Meadow Fescue. Its ease of establishment and management, drought resistance, rapid regrowth and good disease resistance are combined with season long productivity and high forage palatability. 

 

German Millet

German or Foxtail Millet. A popular hay type millet that is leafy and fine-stemmed with compact heads. It exhibits good lodging resistance. The hay is sweet and palatable when harvested at late bloom. It is later than Siberian Millet with yellow seed.

Seeds/Pounds (approximate): 200,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 25+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Annual 

 

Gulf Annual Ryegrass

Fast-establishing, cool-season grass for forage and erosion control uses.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 225,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 200-700

Highland Bentgrass

Highland or Dryland bentgrass. Stoloniferous and high-crowned. Unacceptable for quality turf.  Reclamation and roadside use.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 6,000,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 2-4

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Sod

Intermediate Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced grass growing 36" to 48” tall. It has short rhizomes and a deep-feeding root system, preferring well-drained loamy to clayey textured soils. Intermediate Wheatgrass will tolerate slightly acidic to mildly saline conditions, can withstand moderate periodic flooding in the spring, and is very tolerant of fire. It has good palatability to livestock and wildlife and adapts well to the stabilization of disturbed soils.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 89,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"     Mature Height: 13-25"     Growth Habit: Sod

Japanese Millet

Japanese millet grows 2 to 4 feet tall. Taller and coarser than other foxtail millets, it matures quickly and thus its forage yield is much less than that of pearl millet. Japanese millet is also planted for wildlife feed and for temporary soil stabilization on construction sites.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 110,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

 

Little Bluestem

A slow-growing perennial, warm-season, native bunch grass reaching a height from 18” in dry areas to 3 to 5 feet in deep, fertile soils. It displays coarse stems and basal leaves are greenish-blue to purplish in color. It grows on a wide variety of soils, but is very well-adapted to well-drained, medium to dry, infertile high-salinity soils. Resistant to trampling. For forage it is very palatable for livestock, deer, and elk and suitable for hay. Distributed throughout the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 260,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-20

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Sod

 

Meadow Brome

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced grass that spreads by short rhizomes. Reaching 2 to 6 feet in height when irrigated. Its primary use is for rotational forage production and is highly palatable to all classes of livestock and wildlife. Meadow Brome is very winter hardy. It performs best on fertile, moderately deep to deep, well-drained soils. Used in cool, moist climates across the Northern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 65,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Sod

Mountain Brome

Less aggressive than Smooth Brome. A short-lived, perennial, cool-season, native bunch grass growing 3 to 4 feet tall. Prefers deep, fertile, mesic soils of medium to fine textures, but also survives on thin, dry or coarse soils, resulting in lower production levels. It is winter hardy and has good shade tolerance and fair tolerance to fire. Well-adapted to the Northwestern regions, the foothills and mountains of the Intermountain West and some Midwestern States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 70,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Oats

The oat plant is an annual grass with kinds and varieties adapted either to fall planting and midsummer harvest or spring planting and late summer harvest. Most oats are used for livestock feed in this country either as grain, pasture, hay or silage. Less than 5% of the total oat production in this country is used as food for human consumption. The human consumption is mainly in the form of breakfast foods and oat flour.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 14,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Orchardgrass

A persistent perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass, forming distinct flowering clumps 24" to 48” tall. It is one of the earliest species to grow in the spring, making tremendous growth during cool conditions. It performs well on different textured soils ranging from clay to gravelly loams and on shallow to deep soils. The primary use of Orchardgrass is for forage production and is highly palatable to all livestock. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 541,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"     Mature Height: 13-25+"     Growth Habit: Sod

Perennial Ryegrass

A perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass growing to a height of 18" to 36”. Perennial Ryegrass is one of the most widely used grasses and is adaptable to a wide variety of soils and climatic conditions. With a leafy head and fine stem, it is considered very palatable, used for both forage and hay. A proven performer in pastures in the northern area of the United States. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 237,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 15-35

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Pubescent Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass 36" to 48”. The grass has basal-type leaves and spreads by rhizomes. Its strongest asset is its ability to stay green into the summer months when soil moisture is adequate. It has adapted to a wide range of conditions, including low-fertility soils and is  saline soil tolerant, making it drought and winter tolerant. Pubescent Wheatgrass yields high-quality hay and pasture grass.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 90,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10-12

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Sod

Reed Canarygrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming grass reaching a height of 6 to 8 feet. The extensive, rhizomatous root system protects it from drought, but is also suited to wet soils and dense growth of coarse erect stems, providing excellent erosion control, especially along stream banks, shorelines and waterways. It can be found throughout the West, North and Northeastern United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 529,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"     Mature Height: 6-8'     Growth Habit: Sod

Siberian Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass. Similar to Desert Wheatgrass, Siberian is more drought tolerant and retains its greenness and palatability later into the summer than standard, fairway or even the hybrid cross types.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 205,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 8"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Slender Wheatgrass

A short-lived perennial, cool-season, native, tufted bunch grass ranging in height from 24" to 30”. It has very short rhizomes, which prefer loams and sandy loams. It is a relative species to the mountain and intermountain areas of the Western United States and the Northern Great Plains.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 6-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Smooth Brome

A perennial, cool-season, introduced sod-forming growing 24" to 48” spread by rhizomes. Frequently the leaves are marked by a transverse wrinkle resembling a “W” a short distance below the tip. It is resistant to drought and extremes in temperature. Smooth Brome is the most widely used of the cultivated bromegrasses. It is distributed throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 150,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 15"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Sod

Sorghum

Widely cultivated as a grain and forage, Sorghum is a drought tolerant bunch grass type. Typically used for milo grain production in the South and forage production in the North.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 60,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 20-40

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

 

Sorghum-sudangrass

Sorghum-sudangrass hybrids are unrivaled for adding organic matter to worn-out soils. These tall, fast-growing, heat-loving summer annual grasses can smother weeds, suppress some nematode species and penetrate compacted sub -soil if mowed once.

Sudangrass

Highly palatable and high-yielding summer annual forage. Adapted to many types of soils and environments, use with caution when grazing or haying because of nitrates and prussic acid.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 68,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 20-30

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 14"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

 

Switchgrass

A perennial, warm-season, native sod-forming grass that grows 3 to 5 feet tall. Switchgrass is very tolerant of poor soils, flooding and drought. Seedlings tend to be slow to develop, and are susceptible to weed competition. Prefers moderately deep to deep, somewhat dry to poorly drained, sandy to clay loam soils. Provides high-quality pasture and hay for livestock. Also used for reclamation sand dunes and dikes. It has climatically adapted throughout most of the United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate); 332,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 5-8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 19"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Sod

 

Tall Fescue

Very adaptable to soil and moisture types. Used for pasture, hay, turf and erosion control. Grazes closely.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 224,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 18"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Tall Wheatgrass

A perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows 3 to 7 feet tall. It is a tall, coarse, late-maturing grass that is especially tolerant of saline or alkali soils and adapted to either irrigated or sub-irrigated. It prefers soils with a high water table. Used in wildlife plantings where its tall, persistent, bunchy growth provides nesting sites and cover for upland gamebirds. Occurring in the Rocky Mountain region from Northern New Mexico to Canada.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 77,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 8-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"     Mature Height: 25+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Timothy

A relatively short-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunch grass that grows in erect stools or culms 20" to 40” tall. It has a shallow, compact, and fibrous root system, which thrives best on rich, moist bottomlands and on finer textured soils, such as clay loams. It does not do well on coarser soils. Timothy is palatable and nutritious and mostly used for hay but also makes good pasture and silage. It has adapted to a cool and humid climate and is distributed throughout the entire United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate: 1,232,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 1-10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 16"     Mature Height: 13-24+"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Triticale

Triticale is a hardy hybrid of wheat and cereal rye producing a high yield of forage. Combination of grain quality, productivity, and disease resistance of wheat with the vigor and hardiness of rye. Both winter and spring types were developed, with emphasis on spring types. 

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 14,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Bunch

Western Wheatgrass

A long-lived perennial, cool-season native sod-forming grass growing in small clusters from 12" to 36” tall. It is common to moist, sometimes saline to saline-sodic, and medium- to fine-textured soils. It has adapted to stabilization of disturbed soils because of its extensive, strong spreading rhizomes combined with a few deep roots. A good hay source and forage to domestic and wild animals across the Great Plains, Southwest, and Intermountain Region of the Western United States.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 117,500     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 10

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 10"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Sod

Wheat

Wheat is an annual or biennial grass that is widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties for its commercially important grain. There are many different varieties of Wheat grown throughout the world, such as Soft/Hard/White/Red. However, there are only two classifications of wheat, winter and spring. Each particular type of Wheat, Hard Red, Soft Red, Hard White, Soft White and Durum have a different use in the flour milling industry, and may require slightly different climatic growing conditions.

Seeds/Pound (approximate): 12,000     Seeding Rate (Pounds/Acre): 60+

Minimum Annual Precipitation: 12"     Mature Height: 13-24"     Growth Habit: Bunch

zOther Seeds

Landmark trades in many seed varieties not listed here.  Please contact us for pricing and availability on commodities, commons, field & special mixtres for Turf, Reclamation, Forage and Cover Crop use.